Quranic Passages Ayat-ul-Kursi THE MAIN THEME [Allah in Himself]
- Ayat-ul-Kursi, “verse of Throne” describes the Oneness of Allah and His attributes. It gives perfect knowledge of Allah.
- This passage describes the concept of Tauheed with respect to Allah’s matchless attributes .The central theme of this verse revolves around the unity of Allah Almighty, His omniscience, and omnipotence. Since He is the creator and Lord of the whole universe, nothing is beyond the domain of Allah and no one can escape His knowledge.
- He is the master, the owner of the heaven, the earth and every thing therein. Quran says “To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth….(3: 109)
- No one can challenge and interrupt in His kingdom and authority. The knowledge of Allah Almighty is infinite and perfect, yet His creations cannot know every thing which Allah Almighty knows. This makes him Omniscient.
- The entire universe obeys His order and operates according the rules, He has laid down. He is perfectly unique and matchless and this makes Him immensely supreme exalted and worthy of worship.
IMPORTANCE OF THEME
- Belief in the Oneness of Allah is the first article of faith in Islam. This Quranic passage mentions Allah’s Oneness and His matchless attributes .He is Supreme and free from all defects and short comings. The attributes of Allah are different from any things we know in our present world He is Eternal and ever living. His existence is absolute existence.
- His knowledge is complete, absolute, perfect and all embracing. He is aware of the hidden and the manifest, the present, the future as well the past. He is beyond our perception.
- Belief in the Oneness of Allah shapes and regulates the entire course of a Muslim’s life. A believer in Allah is sure that Allah knows and sees every thing, so he is restrained from committing a sin even secretly in the darkness of night, because of his firm conviction that Allah is All-Knowing and All-Seeing.
- The Prophet (S.A.W) used to recite Ayat ul Kursi after every prayer and before he went to bed. He (S.A.W) said, “If someone recites Ayat-ul-Kursi after every Fard Prayer, nothing will stop him from entering paradise except death”
Hadith No.1: “Religion is sincerity” we said “to whom?” the prophet said “to Allah, His book, His messengers, the leaders of the Muslims and their common people.”
Teachings about what Muslims believe
- This Hadith emphasizes upon the significance of sincerity in doing acts of goodness. Virtue lacking sincerity holds no importance in the eyes of Allah. This Hadith provides a concise but an accurate expression of the characteristics of a sound believer.
- The Holy Prophet (S.A.W) by this Hadith, teaches us to follow the faith of Islam fully and with dedication. He tells us that we must be sincere in the teachings we believe in and in the things we do. We must live our lives as obedient Muslims to Allah and good members of the community. We should believe and act according to the discipline of Islam.
- We should not create disturbance in the community but be loyal to its members and leaders. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says, “Who so obeys my commander, obeys me and who so disobeys the commander disobeys me” (Al-Muslim)
How Muslims can put these teachings into action?
- This Hadith highlights the importance of belief in the articles of faith. Muslims should be sincere in all they do. They should not pretend but follow the teachings of Islam sincerely from within.
- Sincerity to Allah means that it must be admitted beyond any shadow of doubt that the Sole Creator, Sustainer, Cherisher of this immensely vast universe is no one but Allah, who alone is the Sovereign Lord, without any partners to share His Attributes and Powers.
- Muslims should obey Allah by following his religion and attributing to Him what he deserves. The affirmation of his truth covers all obligations and duties that fall upon the shoulder of a man after submitting his will to the will of Allah.
- Sincerity to the book means to believe in the Quran. It is complete code of life and unchanged. This book is for all mankind for all times. Muslims must abide by the Quran and recite it with concentration. Muslims must recite the Quran, think over it, teach others and mould their lives according to its teachings.
- Sincerity to the prophet means that the Muslims must believe in Muhammad (peace be upon him) as the last prophet of Allah. They must love and respect him and follow his Sunnah. The Quran says, “Obey Allah and obey messengers”. (64:10)
- For leaders and rulers it implies that they should be respected and obeyed and given full support in all affairs which they conduct according to the teachings of Islam and do not deviate from the right path in their individual and public conduct which could lead to chaos and anarchy.
- As the message of Islam is for all of mankind for all times to come, the last but not the least segment of faith is that every possible step should be taken to make the life of common people comfortable, dignified and respectable without regard to color, ethnicity, gender or another such discriminating forces.
Significance of Hazrat A’isha during the lifetime of the Prophet (SAW)
- Hazrat A’isha (May Allah be pleased with her) was the daughter of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (R A). She was the third lady to enter the house of the Holy Prophet as his wife, and she was the only virgin in the consorts of Holy Prophet .
- She was of a tender age when she was married to Allah’s Apostle . Her Marriage with the prophet was based on Divine revelation. She, herself relates from the Prophet . “He said, ‘I saw you in dreams three times. The angel brought you to me and you were clad in white silk. He (the angel) said that it was your consort and he (angel) showed me by opening your face. You are just like that…” Sahih Muslim, Vol.2, p. 285.
- In many traditions, Hazrat Aisha is described as Prophet’s most beloved wife after his first wife, Khadija (RA), who died before the migration to Medina took place. Once a companion asked the Prophet “who is the person you love most in the world?” he responded, “Aisha.” Hazrat Muhammad built Hazrat Aisha’s apartment which opened directly into Masjid e Nabawi .She was the only woman with whom Hazrat Muhammad received revelations.
- The Holy Prophet had special love for Hazrat Ayesha (RA) and nicknamed her “Humairah”. This marriage is significant in the history of Islam in so many aspects. Firstly, it cemented the ties between the Holy Prophet and his devoted friend Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) who always stood by him in hour of trial and who sacrificed his all for the cause of Islam. Secondly, by this marriage, a lady of eminent qualities came under the direct influence of the Holy Prophet at a highly impressionable age, and was able to develop her potentialities perfectly in accordance with the teachings of Islam under the direct supervision of the Holy Prophet .She learnt a lot from The Holy Prophet and eventually became authority on Islam.
- ‘Hazrat A’isha (R A) heard and remembered more than 2210 Ahadith from the Prophet. The greatest quality of a wife is her obedience and compliance to the wishes of her husband. During the nine years of her married life, she never disobeyed her husband and whenever she felt that something was not liked by him, she gave it up. She had put up a painted curtain on the door. When the prophet saw it, he frowned. Hazrat Ayesha wanted to know what mistake she had committed. The Prophet said that angels do not visit the house which is adorned by pictures. She immediately tore up the curtain.
- When the hypocrites of Madinah made false allegations against her, the verses of Surah e Noor were revealed, declaring her innocent.
- Her most outstanding trait was his generosity. She would go to the extent of borrowing money to help others. Once Hazrat Ameer Muawiyah (RA) sent 100,000 dirhims to her. She donated the whole amount on the same day and nothing was left even to break her Fast.
- In the battle of Uhud she served water to the wounded companions. In the battle of trench, when the Makkans had besieged the city of Madinah and an attack from Jews was feared, she would go round to inspect the plan of defense by the Muslims.
- She accompanied the Holy Prophet in several battles as well as the Fare well Hajj.
- The Prophet died in her lap, and was buried in her apartment.
Hazrat A’isha in the years following the Prophet’s death.
- Hazrat Aysha (RA) was the most learned lady of her time. Being the Prophet’s favorite wife, H.Aisha (RA) occupied an important position in his life.
- After the death of Hazrat Muhammad , Hazrat Ayesha (RA) was discovered to be a renowned source of Hadith due to her qualities of intelligence and memory. Hazrat Ayesha (RA) delivered ideas expressing the Prophets practice (sunna). Hazrat Ayesha (RA) expressed herself as a role model to women, which can also be seen within some traditions attributed to her.
- Hazrat Ayesha (RA) played a key role in the emergence of Islam, and played an active position in social reform of the Islamic culture. During a point in Hazrat Ayesha (RA)’s life she was given the title as-Siddiqah, meaning “the one who affirms the truth.” Hazrat Ayesha (RA) was known for her expertise in the Qur’an, shares of inheritance, lawful and unlawful matters, poetry, Arabic literature, Arab history, genealogy, and general medicine. After the death of Hazrat Muhammad , Hazrat Ayesha (RA) was ascribed as the most reliable source in the teachings of Hadith.
- During Hazrat Ayesha’s (RA) entire life she was a strong advocate for the education of Muslim women especially in areas such as law and the teachings of Islam. Hazrat Ayesha (RA), the mother of the Muslims, was known for establishing the first madrasah (Islamic school) for women in her home. Attending Hazrat Ayesha (RA)’s classes varied from family relatives to orphaned children. Men also attended Hazrat Ayesha (RA)’s classes, and a curtain simply separated the male and female students. One of her most mentioned and outstanding students were her nephew, H.Urwah bin Zubair (RA), who eventually became one of the greatest scholars of his generation.
- She narrated 2210 Ahadith. As mentioned before, Hazrat Ayesha (RA) became an influential figure in early Islam after Hazrat Muhammad death. However, Hazrat Ayesha (RA) also had a strong political influence. Hazrat Ayesha (RA)’s political influence helped promote her father, Abu Bakr, into an Islamic leader after the Prophet’s death.
- During the rule of Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib(RA), the fourth successor of Hazrat Muhammad , Hazrat Ayesha (RA) demanded the avenge of Hazrat Uthman’s death that eventually led to the Battle of the Camel.
- After the Battle of Camel, she returned to Madina, and retired from her public role in politics.
- Hazrat Ayesha (RA) died in Madina at the age of 65 in 678 CE (57 AH), She was buried in Jannat al-Baqi.
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